Valide Atik Medresesi Hakkında Bilgi Birikimim

Valide Atik Medresesi Hakkında Bilgi Birikimim

 

Genel Bilgiler

 

  • Mimar Sinan Eseridir.
  • 1570-1579 Tarihleri Arasında Yapılmıştır.

Bilgiler

   Külliye önceleri Vâlide Sultan adı ile tanınmış, III. Ahmed’in annesi Gülnûş Vâlide Sultan’ın Üsküdar İskele Meydanı’nda yeni bir külliye inşa ettirmesi üzerine Eski Vâlide, Atik Vâlide veya Vâlide-i Atik adlarıyla anılmaya başlanmıştır. Üsküdar'ın en yüksek bir tepesi üzerine yapılmıştır. Müştemilâtı ile beraber çok geniş bir alanı kaplar. Mabet, Sultan II. Selim'in kadını, Sultan III. Murat'ın annesi Nurbânu Valide Sultan tarafından yaptırılmış olup tam bir külliye halinde dev bir eserdir. Mimar Sinan’ın tasarlamış olduğu cami, medrese, tekke, sıbyan mektebi, dârülhadis, dârülkurrâ, imaret (aşhane, tabhâne, kervansaray), dârüşşifâ ve hamamdan oluşan yapılar topluluğu Toptaşı semtinde ve bugün kendi adını taşıyan mahallede, kuzeyi Çavuşderesi vadisine doğru alçalan çevreye hâkim bir yamaç üzerine kademeli olarak yerleştirilmiştir. 

   Kurban Nasuh Camii'nin bânisi Nasuh Ağa'nın, bu mabedin yapımında mimar yardımcısı olarak çalıştığı ve bina eminliği yaptığı söylenmektedir. Kurban Nasuh Camii, Konyalı Biraderler Camii ve Salih Efendi Camii, bu muazzam eserden artan malzeme ile inşa olunmuştur. Evliya Çelebi, Seyahatname'sinde Valide-i Atik Camii'nden Orta Valide Sultan Camii diye bahsetmekte ve şu bilgiyi vermektedir: "Atpazarı yakınında tarif olunmaz bir hayr-ı azimdir. Sultan III. Murat'ın validesi bina etmiştir. Bir bayır üzerinde olup güya nurdan bir kubbedir. Üç yanlarında cemaat tabakaları ve kandil tabakaları vardır. Burada da çeşitli billur cam ve pencereler vardır. Camiin yan kubbeleri olup hele büyük kubbesi çok yüksektir. Dış avlusu içinde çınar ve ıhlamur ağaçları vardır. Sağ ve solunda birer şerefeli iki münasip minaresi vardır. Binaları baştan başa mavi kurşun ile nurlu olup Mimar Sinan'ın sağlam olarak yaptığı binalardandır."

   Harimin ilk inşa döneminden kalan orta bölümü yaklaşık 13 m. çapında bir kubbe ile örtülüdür. Yapının gerek dış görünüşüne gerekse iç mekânına hâkim olan bu merkezî kubbe güneyde ve kuzeyde ikişer duvar pâyesine, batıda ve doğuda birer kahverengi somaki sütuna oturan altı adet sivri kemerle taşınmaktadır. Sütunlar küçük kemerlerle arkalarındaki pâyelere bağlanmışlardır. Merkezî kubbe ikisi batıda, ikisi doğuda, biri de güneyde olmak üzere toplam beş yarım kubbe ile takviye edilmiş ve bütün bu örtü unsurları ile düşey satıhların arasına küçük pandantifler yerleştirilmiştir. Harim kıble yönündeki iki duvar pâyesi arasında, bir yarım kubbe derinliği kadar ileriye doğru geniş tutulmuş, bu şekilde güney duvarının ortasında mihrabı barındıran ve üstü bu yöndeki yarım kubbe ile örtülü olan bir çıkıntı elde edilmiştir. Doğudaki ve batıdaki sütunların arkasında yer alan pâyeler ilk yapılışlarında duvar pâyesi niteliğinde iken harimin genişletilmesi sırasında, buradaki duvarların kaldırılması üzerine orta pâyesi durumuna gelmişlerdir. Bu pâyeler, güneydeki ve kuzeydeki duvarlarla geri çekilen doğu ve batı duvarlarındaki pâyelere birer sivri kemerle bağlanmış ve her iki yönde kemer açıklıkları çapında ikişer kubbe inşa edilmiş, böylece harim ikişer kubbeli iki sahnla yanlara doğru genişletilmiştir.

   Sinan’ın hemen bütün eserlerinde olduğu gibi Atik Vâlide Camii’nde de nisbetlerin âhengi ile anlam kazanan cephelerde süsleme yok denecek kadar azdır. Buna karşılık iç mekânda oldukça zengin bir süsleme programının uygulanmış olduğu görülmektedir. Tezyinat unsurları içinde öncelikle, caminin inşa edildiği dönemde en parlak çağını yaşayan İznik çiniciliğinin gerek kalite ve teknik, gerekse renk ve kompozisyon açısından çok başarılı örnekleri olan panoları zikretmek gerekir.

 

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Hasan Polat

17 yaşında lise 3. sınıfta. Futbol, bilgisayar, montaj hobileri. Aynı zamanda sıkı bir espor takipçisi.

Yorum Bırak

8 Yorum

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    Hasan Polat

    2020-03-12 21:31:33

    Valide atik zamanında miftah programına gittiğim çok güzel bir yer :)

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    AyBerk

    2020-03-18 20:24:25

    Selam çok güzel site güzel bilgi vermişsin eline sağlık

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    Winston

    2020-05-22 03:37:15

    Hey guys, I just wanted to see if you need anything in the way of site editing/code fixing/programming, unique blog post material, extra traffic by getting others to start sharing your site across their own social media accounts, social media management, optimizing the site, monitizing the site, etc. I have quite a few ways I can set all of this and do this for you. Don't mean to impose, was just curious, I've been doing this for some time and was just curious if you needed an extra hand. I can even do Wordpress and other related tasks (you name it). Stay Safe, Winston 1.708.320.3171

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    Eric

    2020-06-06 14:14:53

    Hi, Eric here with a quick thought about your website hasanpolat.com... I’m on the internet a lot and I look at a lot of business websites. Like yours, many of them have great content. But all too often, they come up short when it comes to engaging and connecting with anyone who visits. I get it – it’s hard. Studies show 7 out of 10 people who land on a site, abandon it in moments without leaving even a trace. You got the eyeball, but nothing else. Here’s a solution for you… Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that’s works on your site, ready to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. You’ll know immediately they’re interested and you can call them directly to talk with them literally while they’re still on the web looking at your site. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitor.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works. It could be huge for your business – and because you’ve got that phone number, with our new SMS Text With Lead feature, you can automatically start a text (SMS) conversation – immediately… and contacting someone in that 5 minute window is 100 times more powerful than reaching out 30 minutes or more later. Plus, with text messaging you can follow up later with new offers, content links, even just follow up notes to keep the conversation going. Everything I’ve just described is extremely simple to implement, cost-effective, and profitable. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitor.com to discover what Talk With Web Visitor can do for your business. You could be converting up to 100X more eyeballs into leads today! Eric PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – and it even includes International Long Distance Calling. You have customers waiting to talk with you right now… don’t keep them waiting. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitor.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now. If you'd like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithwebvisitor.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=hasanpolat.com

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    Eric

    2020-07-03 15:02:44

    Hey, this is Eric and I ran across hasanpolat.com a few minutes ago. Looks great… but now what? By that I mean, when someone like me finds your website – either through Search or just bouncing around – what happens next? Do you get a lot of leads from your site, or at least enough to make you happy? Honestly, most business websites fall a bit short when it comes to generating paying customers. Studies show that 70% of a site’s visitors disappear and are gone forever after just a moment. Here’s an idea… How about making it really EASY for every visitor who shows up to get a personal phone call you as soon as they hit your site… You can – Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that’s works on your site, ready to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. It signals you the moment they let you know they’re interested – so that you can talk to that lead while they’re literally looking over your site. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitor.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works. You’ll be amazed - the difference between contacting someone within 5 minutes versus a half-hour or more later could increase your results 100-fold. It gets even better… once you’ve captured their phone number, with our new SMS Text With Lead feature, you can automatically start a text (SMS) conversation. That way, even if you don’t close a deal right away, you can follow up with text messages for new offers, content links, even just “how you doing?” notes to build a relationship. Pretty sweet – AND effective. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitor.com to discover what Talk With Web Visitor can do for your business. You could be converting up to 100X more leads today! Eric PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – and it even includes International Long Distance Calling. You have customers waiting to talk with you right now… don’t keep them waiting. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitor.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now. If you'd like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithwebvisitor.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=hasanpolat.com

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    Eric

    2020-08-23 03:19:42

    Cool website! My name’s Eric, and I just found your site - hasanpolat.com - while surfing the net. You showed up at the top of the search results, so I checked you out. Looks like what you’re doing is pretty cool. But if you don’t mind me asking – after someone like me stumbles across hasanpolat.com, what usually happens? Is your site generating leads for your business? I’m guessing some, but I also bet you’d like more… studies show that 7 out 10 who land on a site wind up leaving without a trace. Not good. Here’s a thought – what if there was an easy way for every visitor to “raise their hand” to get a phone call from you INSTANTLY… the second they hit your site and said, “call me now.” You can – Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that’s works on your site, ready to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. It lets you know IMMEDIATELY – so that you can talk to that lead while they’re literally looking over your site. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works. Time is money when it comes to connecting with leads – the difference between contacting someone within 5 minutes versus 30 minutes later can be huge – like 100 times better! That’s why we built out our new SMS Text With Lead feature… because once you’ve captured the visitor’s phone number, you can automatically start a text message (SMS) conversation. Think about the possibilities – even if you don’t close a deal then and there, you can follow up with text messages for new offers, content links, even just “how you doing?” notes to build a relationship. Wouldn’t that be cool? CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to discover what Talk With Web Visitor can do for your business. You could be converting up to 100X more leads today! Eric PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – and it even includes International Long Distance Calling. You have customers waiting to talk with you right now… don’t keep them waiting. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now. If you'd like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithwebvisitors.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=hasanpolat.com

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    Eric

    2020-09-26 00:12:21

    My name’s Eric and I just came across your website - hasanpolat.com - in the search results. Here’s what that means to me… Your SEO’s working. You’re getting eyeballs – mine at least. Your content’s pretty good, wouldn’t change a thing. BUT… Eyeballs don’t pay the bills. CUSTOMERS do. And studies show that 7 out of 10 visitors to a site like hasanpolat.com will drop by, take a gander, and then head for the hills without doing anything else. It’s like they never were even there. You can fix this. You can make it super-simple for them to raise their hand, say, “okay, let’s talk” without requiring them to even pull their cell phone from their pocket… thanks to Talk With Web Visitor. Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that sits on your site, ready and waiting to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. It lets you know immediately – so you can talk to that lead immediately… without delay… BEFORE they head for those hills. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works. Now it’s also true that when reaching out to hot leads, you MUST act fast – the difference between contacting someone within 5 minutes versus 30 minutes later is huge – like 100 times better! That’s what makes our new SMS Text With Lead feature so powerful… you’ve got their phone number, so now you can start a text message (SMS) conversation with them… so even if they don’t take you up on your offer right away, you continue to text them new offers, new content, and new reasons to do business with you. This could change everything for you and your business. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to learn more about everything Talk With Web Visitor can do and start turing eyeballs into money. Eric PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – you could be converting up to 100x more leads immediately! It even includes International Long Distance Calling. Paying customers are out there waiting. Starting connecting today by CLICKING HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now. If you'd like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithwebvisitors.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=hasanpolat.com

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    Eric

    2020-12-03 20:25:34

    Cool website! My name’s Eric, and I just found your site - hasanpolat.com - while surfing the net. You showed up at the top of the search results, so I checked you out. Looks like what you’re doing is pretty cool. But if you don’t mind me asking – after someone like me stumbles across hasanpolat.com, what usually happens? Is your site generating leads for your business? I’m guessing some, but I also bet you’d like more… studies show that 7 out 10 who land on a site wind up leaving without a trace. Not good. Here’s a thought – what if there was an easy way for every visitor to “raise their hand” to get a phone call from you INSTANTLY… the second they hit your site and said, “call me now.” You can – Talk With Web Visitor is a software widget that’s works on your site, ready to capture any visitor’s Name, Email address and Phone Number. It lets you know IMMEDIATELY – so that you can talk to that lead while they’re literally looking over your site. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to try out a Live Demo with Talk With Web Visitor now to see exactly how it works. Time is money when it comes to connecting with leads – the difference between contacting someone within 5 minutes versus 30 minutes later can be huge – like 100 times better! That’s why we built out our new SMS Text With Lead feature… because once you’ve captured the visitor’s phone number, you can automatically start a text message (SMS) conversation. Think about the possibilities – even if you don’t close a deal then and there, you can follow up with text messages for new offers, content links, even just “how you doing?” notes to build a relationship. Wouldn’t that be cool? CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to discover what Talk With Web Visitor can do for your business. You could be converting up to 100X more leads today! Eric PS: Talk With Web Visitor offers a FREE 14 days trial – and it even includes International Long Distance Calling. You have customers waiting to talk with you right now… don’t keep them waiting. CLICK HERE http://www.talkwithwebvisitors.com to try Talk With Web Visitor now. If you'd like to unsubscribe click here http://talkwithwebvisitors.com/unsubscribe.aspx?d=hasanpolat.com